An international study Evaluating the Relative Environmental Impact of Countries has placed India 7th in the world for environmental degradation. This is not too bad, on the whole, if you consider the population of the country. In a proportional environmental impact ranking, which takes population factors into account, India ranks much lower.
The study uses seven indicators of environmental degradation: natural forest loss, habitat conversion, marine captures, fertilizer use, water pollution, carbon emissions and species threat. Unlike existing rankings, this study deliberately avoided human health and economic data, and instead focused on environmental impact only. Other variables-bushmeat harvest, coral reef habitat quality, seagrass loss, freshwater habitat degradation, illegal fishing, invertebrate threat patterns, and some forms of greenhouse gas emission-were excluded due to a lack of country-specific data.
According to the Wall Street Journal, in an effort to boost food production, win farmer votes and encourage the domestic fertilizer industry, the government has increased its subsidy of urea fertilizer over the years, and now pays about half of the domestic industry’s cost of production. The overuse of urea is so degrading the soil that yields on some crops are falling-landing India is 2nd place for environmental impact due to fertilizer use.
India ranks 3rd for water pollution as increasing competition for water among various sectors, including agriculture, industry, domestic, drinking, energy generation and others, is causing this precious natural resource to dry up-while increasing pollution is also leading to the destruction of the habitat of wildlife that lives in waterways.
India comes in 8th for another three areas: threatened species, marine capture and CO2 emissions.
Source: Care 2
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